Diseases of the ear


Most of the problems associated with the ears with the outer or middle ear infections. In some cases, the apparent ear pain may be associated with a sore throat, etc. in the nasopharynx., As all the nerves in the face are very close to each other. The most common cause of pain in the ear, especially in children, is a middle ear infection or otitis media. middle ear infections occur when bacteria penetrate along the Eustachian tube to the middle ear. Children are more prone to otitis media, because their Eustachian tubes are still growing and are therefore not able to buy zithromax online quickly withdraw excess liquid. Because of this, the ear becomes vulnerable to infections.

There is a form of otitis media, in which the liquid is released in the middle ear. Usually it does not cause anxiety and is itself. However, there are cases where the liquid remains and necessary medical intervention.

Middle ear infections often cause severe throbbing pain, tinnitus, temporary partial hearing loss, fever, in some cases, bleeding from the ear, indicating that the damage to the eardrum. Young children are also often ear infections, which is why they are a long cry at night, screaming, pulling at his ear or rub it.

External ear infections (otitis externa) is an inflammation of the ear canal, which extends from the outer ear to the eardrum. The inflammation is usually caused by a fungal or bacterial infection that often gets due to damage to the skin (eg when cleaning the ears and removing ear wax). Otitis externa is sometimes called "swimmer's ear" because it often occurs due to the fact that the left ear canal water. This disease can also be associated with allergies to perfumes or hair sprays. This condition is painful, but usually is not too serious. Otitis externa often quickly goes away. external ear infections are often manifested in the form of redness and swelling of the external part of the ear, sometimes with yellowish or clear secretions, and accompanied by itching, sharp or dull pain, especially when chewing, as well as a partial hearing loss, which is associated with pus, which blocks the ear canal .

Another problem associated with the ears is deafness. Deafness is a violation of the ability to hear all or some of the sounds. Deafness may develop gradually over months or years, but can also occur suddenly in a few hours or days. Congenital deafness impedes a child's ability to read, write and speak. There are two main types of deafness. The first relates to the fact that the sound waves are transmitted correctly to the inner ear. Hearing is difficult because of the abundance of earwax in the ear canal, or due to incorrect position of the bones in the middle ear. In the second type sounds reach the inner ear, but irregularities in the nervous system does not allow to distinguish them well.

Age. Acute otitis media is exposed to one-third of children under 3 years, - at least one attack of this disease are forced to migrate. Another third have been ill with acute otitis media twice. While there is no clear explanation, but statistics show that boys are less lucky than girls: acute otitis media they happen more often. The most common acute otitis media in children 6-18 months. The sooner the disease occurred, the higher the risk of another episode. Doctors warn even a threefold disease within six months. But as the child grows, their immune system becomes stronger. Consequently, reduced risk of recurrent infections. By age 5, most children are immune to any ear infections.

Effect of cold. Most often, ear infections, "attack" on the child's fall and winter: it is the effect of cold temperatures. No wonder the caring mother and grandmother are very attentive to the headgear children, protecting them in order to, as they say, "not blown." By itself, this protection is a simple, but effective.

Allergy. It is only at first glance there is no link between inflammation in the airways caused by allergies, and ear diseases. Recall again: ear, nose and throat are in a bundle. Because of airway inflammation could be the backdrop for ear infections. Similarly as asthma is associated with sinusitis.

Artificial feeding. Some studies (American Academy of Pediatrics) see effective protection against otitis in breast, at least up to 6 months, the baby's feeding. However, long ago proved that breastfeeding - the most powerful tonic for the baby. And, say, nipple - on the contrary: it can increase the risk of ear infections. The fact that promotes the development of sucking saliva. And it helps the bacteria to get through the Eustachian tube into the middle ear.

Stories of otitis media in the family. If a family has other children with recurrent ear infections, it is necessary to pay special attention to the youngest child - he may also be subject to ear diseases.