Mammary cancer

Mammary cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most important diseases in women, not only because of the high frequency and severity, but also because of the special treatment of women to breast and even in the absence of any disease nolvadex cost. The main biological function of this gland - milk production (lactation) for feeding the newborn child. Mammary glands - is also an important "component" of the female body image, and has the greatest social value as a symbol of motherhood, femininity and sex appeal.

Thanks to numerous publications in newspapers, magazines, discussion of the issue on television and radio, many women are unaware of the existence of breast cancer. However, much of the women's "population" is not aware of the basic facts about the disease: how often and why it arises, what are the early signs and symptoms of breast cancer, what treatments are used and how effective they are.

Those or other forms of breast cancer (and there are more than 30 species) can meet half of the female population (ie. E. Every second woman older than 30 years). Fortunately, the vast majority of them are benign and do not endanger health. Malignant tumors (including breast cancer) are found in the tens of times less likely, but still is the leading cancer pathology in women older than 40 years.

In general, the last quarter of XX century. characterized by changing the structure of morbidity associated with one hand, with an obvious increase in lifespan (mainly in developed countries in Europe and America), and on the other - with the progress in preventing and treating infections. At first on the causes of death plan went cardiovascular and tumor diseases, more common in older people and associated with the appearance of their metabolic and endocrine disorders.


Again, the overwhelming number of cases of breast cancer should be attributed to benign processes. Malignant tumors are ten times less. There are also some infectious diseases, as well as a series of processes, resulting from injuries and (or) metabolic disorders. Under microscopic examination of breast cancer can be of epithelial origin (epithelial lining of the ducts and lobules strokes); These include papillomas, adenomas, and others; Mixed elements of connective tissue and epithelium (fibroadenoma) soft tissue tumor origin (lipoma).

Separately stands out the most common benign disease of breast dysplasia and breast, often referred to as fibrocystic disease or cystic fibroadenomatosis. This huge group of diseases (over 30) are also called dyshormonal hyperplasia (excessive growth of), implying dishormonal nature of their origin, ie. E. The connection with various kinds of violations of ovarian function. However, as in breast cancer, the origin of these diseases play a role not only change the function of the ovaries, but also a variety of abnormalities and the pathology of the adrenal, pituitary, thyroid, and hormonal metabolism is the endocrine glands (associated with liver disease, obesity and r. h.).

Often, these deviations are called precancerous diseases and even precancerous breast, although only a few of these processes can be classified as precancerous.

All dishormonal hyperplasia of the breast is divided into nodular and diffuse forms. Depending on the predominance of fibrous glandular tissue, or nodular hyperplasia may be called adenomas or fibroadenomas. The first occur much more frequently, as the classic benign breast tumor. Fibroadenoma has a fairly typical clinical picture. On palpation fibroadenomas are easily identified as a well-circumscribed round or polisfericheskih tumors elastic consistency, usually located in vneareolyarnoy zone in the upper parts of the breast. Their size varies from several millimeters to 5 cm in diameter.


One of the main reasons for the inadequate early diagnosis of breast cancer is delayed seeking medical help. In general, frequent two extreme situations, when already in the presence of obvious signs of breast cancer women because of ignorance of existing problems or fear of detection of the tumor is not treated in the clinic.

On the contrary, there is a certain group of people who, in the absence of any disease of breast or other organs are aggressively looking for "qualified" doctor, able to reveal hidden for other breast cancer, they "undoubtedly" suffer. This obsession inevitability of developing breast cancer, the fear that the doctors due to lack of qualifications can not understand the nature of their disease, called kantserofobiey.

The main reason cancerophobia is reading the special medical literature without proper training and the wrong (false) the transfer of the symptoms of the disease, the symptoms of which can occur not only in cancer but also in many non-malignant diseases and other safe for health and life processes in the mammary glands.

Accumulated currently experience in the fight against breast cancer and other tumors suggests that important event, providing early detection of breast cancer, is the systematic (not less than once a year) preventive examination of women using methods that are acceptable to survey a large number of persons .

To do this, carry out individual preventive examinations of women attending clinics, outpatient clinics, medical units, antenatal clinics, massive systematic examinations of the population, especially in companies with a large number of working women. Therefore, to identify breast cancer must not only oncologists, but more often before the doctors of other specialties: surgeons, internists, gynecologists, TB doctor, radiologist, personnel consulting rooms polyclinics. Difficulties diagnosing cancer depends on many clinical variants of forms and manifestations of breast cancer, as well, and many benign processes.