Non-insulin dependent


All forms of diabetes are caused by the inability to adequately utilize glucose, the main source of energy in the body. This is associated with impaired production or use of hormone insulin into the body, which is formed in pancreatic cells and which is required to convert sugar, starches and other foods into energy components. Related news.

In people with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas can produce enough insulin or the body can not properly use it. As a result, increases in blood glucose levels, resulting in damage to the blood vessels and other organs.

This form of diabetes occurs in middle-aged and older. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type 2 is put on the basis of high blood glucose and glucose in urine.


It is believed that when a type 2 diabetes a genetic predisposition plays a role in the disease; the combination of risk factors such as age and overweight. With age, the pancreas is reduced. The most important predisposing factor, however, turned out to be obese. It is found that more than 80% with type 2 diabetes are overweight. It is believed that excessive fat content impairs the ability of insulin to dispose of the organism.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes

Extreme thirst, frequent urination, rapid weight loss, weakness and fatigue, irritability, nausea and vomiting.


In the event of insufficient control of type 2 diabetes increases the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, kidney disease, neurological disorders, impotence, visual impairment (including blindness), type 2 diabetes gangreny.Saharny dangerous disease. In the absence of effective therapy possible death that is associated with complications due to high blood glucose, or pathological changes of the organs and systems.

What you can do

If any symptoms of diabetes should immediately undergo a medical examination. Even if there are no symptoms of diabetes, you should monitor your blood sugar content in the urine, especially for people with an indication of diabetes in the family history, persons older than 40 years and / or are overweight. Once diagnosed with diabetes need regular medical supervision and control of blood glucose levels to avoid complications. For effective treatment of diabetes should carefully monitor their condition.

People with type 2 diabetes should:

Control the level of glucose and cholesterol and body weight, including in your diet low-calorie foods that are low in sugar, fat and high in complex carbohydrates and fiber; exercise regularly in order to reduce the need for insulin and improve weight loss;

To determine the blood glucose at home using simple equipment that helps a person to adjust your diet and exercise, and to prevent the development of diabetes complications. Self-monitoring of glucose also allows you to observe how the reduced level of glucose in the blood by decreasing body weight.

People suffering from diabetes have to take preventive measures to avoid colds, recommended hygiene feet. The course of type 2 diabetes is largely dependent on the self-control. In most cases, type 2 diabetes can be controlled by diet therapy and exercise. However, not all people suffering from type 2 diabetes, there is overweight. This category of patients require the administration of insulin and hypoglycemic drugs for oral administration.

What can your doctor

If you suspect a diabetes physician must assign the appropriate blood tests to diagnose the disease. If the diagnosis is made, then the doctor should appoint a special diet or refer the patient to consult a dietitian. Diet and exercise are the mainstay of treatment of type 2 diabetes. Several studies have found that more than 80% of cases of type 2 diabetes can be controlled by reducing the body weight and exercise. If these methods are not effective, and blood glucose levels are not normalized, the physician must designate drugs oral hypoglycemic agents. Depending on the content of sugar in the blood and the response to diet therapy, your doctor may prescribe medications that increase the body's ability to make effective use of its own insulin or increasing its production.

Subsequently, the frequency of visits to the doctor determines, depending on the need for the various analyzes, the general condition of the patient and the risk of complications that require additional special treatment. In some cases, may require injections of insulin.