Social phobia

The manifestation of the phobia

Social phobia - one of the most common and frequent disorders among mental disorders and disorders. Anxiety Social Action, called social phobia, is found in all corners of the globe, but most "afraid of the audience" phobia collected in developed countries: the United States and European countries.

Social phobia - an intense, persistent, growing over time, repeated (often - regular or permanent) fear hit and stay in socially important situations. In this disorder there is hostility, veiled hatred, denial, defies logic and understanding of the man himself, to any overall or specific to particular situations requiring the appearance, communication in the social environment buy alprazolam online . Anxiety in social phobia - durable, has a focus on the future, in general, focus on the "diffuse" threat and creates a special "care" when approaching a potential threat.

Social phobia and fear respectively avoid activities associated with being in public. These excess disturbing the person referred to the number of no-action themselves, in the course of or as a result of which they are supposed to, will feel embarrassed or in public signs manifest their concern. It can be argued that the primary social phobia - the fear of human society in general, and the second - a fear of action, related to a possible assessment from the outside. And the mental anticipation of stay, and being in a society of social phobia itself regarded as continuous monitoring, assessment, condemnation, criticism from the people.

What haunts social phobia?

Persons subject to this disorder, endlessly tormented and harassed themselves questions, which essentially boils down to one thing: "How I perceive?". And the standard answers of social phobia: a negative, critical, condemning, sarcastically, with a "malevolent laughter" etc. They experience excessive anxiety in a variety of everyday situations, they are afraid to be judged by other people, especially strangers, worry that their behavior can be interpreted as improper in a society, feel the fear that others will notice that they are nervous.

When a person is in reality to socially significant situations for him, to whom he had already experienced or expect to experience fear it instantly absorbs intense anxiety, sometimes accompanied by panic attacks. This caused him anxiety and protective behaviors and prevention is a strong emotional stress, as well as the stressors are constantly on social phobia, anxiety is significantly interferes with daily activities, career development, training and interpersonal relationships.

Fear in social phobia typically has an object, i.e. It is directed to certain situations. The most common objects of fear in social phobia: Performing in public, Answers in school, college front of the whole audience, interviews for employment; Business meetings, negotiations with new partners; Conversations with "reputable" people, such as the head; Communication in "real time" with strangers; the situation of communication, when an object is visually inaccessible, for example, by phone, or in a situation of virtual communication, such as Skype, any action in public places: the fear of eating, drinking, writing, reading and so on humans; Rendezvous with unfamiliar partners; public events where going a significant number of people; Shopping in stores, especially large; Visit public toilets; The situation, which stipulates that a person will focus attention: dance, music performances, sporting events and more.

The symptoms of social phobia

The main symptoms of social phobia symptoms can be classified into four categories:Physical or somatic manifestations;Emotional manifestations;The cognitive effect;Behavioral effects.

Physical or somatic symptoms of anxiety include: palpitations, tachycardia, muscle weakness and tension, fatigue, nausea, chest pain, shortness of breath, tension headache, pain in the abdomen. Since the body is configured to fight the "threat", blood pressure, heart rate, sweating, blood flow to the major muscle groups is increased, while the digestive and immune function is suppressed. External signs include pallor, sweating, trembling, and pupil dilation.

Behavioral effects include the consequences of the situation, which has caused concern in the past. Symptoms include changes in sleep patterns, nervous habits and increased physical activity, such as "running in the same place." Also, excessive or constant anxiety there, tension, fatigue, feeling to "limit" the need for frequent visits to the toilet, vulnerability, susceptibility, difficulty concentrating.

Treatment of social phobia / ways of overcoming

Social phobia is potentially dangerous disorder, and negative current takes the form of panic disorder. To date, social phobia can be successfully combined with psychological treatment medication. Remember that the person is able to overcome anything, just in case that is seen in this sense.

To achieve high, stable result allows cognitive-behavioral therapy. The main goal of CBT programs - to teach a person not subjectively and objectively perceived uncomfortable thoughts and images cause fear. The technique helps to avoid excessive control and elimination of the active personality discomfort caused by negative thoughts, feelings and unpleasant sensations, unexpected images. Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps the individual to develop the ability to safely, easily, free to experience the situations that bring discomfort and stopping avoiding staying in the community. Having a course of CBT, the person can perceive absolutely calm and be in situations that before treatment were the object of fear.

It is also highly effective for the treatment of social phobia is hypnosis and suggestion, so-called hypnosuggestive psychotherapy. hypnosis technique is based on the provision of purposeful verbal sound effects on the patient's psyche. For hypnosis is characterized by narrowing of the scope of consciousness and a sharp, persistent focus on the content and meaning of suggestion. In therapy sessions conducted hypnosuggestive suggestion person new convictions and more adaptive systems, both at the level of consciousness, and at the subconscious level. In the end, the former social phobia completely changes the perception of oneself as an individual and in a different treats his appearance in society. Accordingly, it disappears unwanted discomfort and fear of social events.

Although the appointment of benzodiazepines and psychiatrists is the most popular means of treatment is justified only short courses (one month) for the rapid relief of severe anxiety. The action of benzodiazepines is comparable to that ambulance. These drugs should not be the basic treatment of anxiety-phobic disorders. Fairly well-known and studied the problem of side effects, as well as depending on the drugs most of benzodiazepine, which is very bad in the future to treat. For maintenance treatment should be used more modern drugs from the above classes, and should seek to monotherapy (one drug designation).