Diabetes mellitus - endocrine disease is characterized by a chronic increase in blood sugar levels due to absolute or relative insulin deficiency - pancreatic hormone. The disease leads to disruption http://metformin-online.com/ of all types of metabolism, vascular damage, nervous system and other organs and systems.
In type 1 diabetes there is an absolute insulin deficiency due to a violation of the pancreas work.
When type 2 diabetes is marked relative insulin deficiency. pancreatic cells thus produce enough insulin (sometimes even higher amount). However, the number of structures that ensure its contact with the cells and helps glucose from the blood flow into the cell surface of cells is blocked or reduced. Glucose deficiency in cells is the signal for further production of insulin, but this has no effect, and the insulin production with time is greatly reduced.
All forms of diabetes are caused by the inability to adequately utilize glucose, the main source of energy in the body. This is associated with impaired production or use of hormone insulin into the body, which is formed in pancreatic cells and which is required to convert sugar, starches and other foods into energy components.
In people with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas can produce enough insulin or the body can not properly use it. As a result, increases in blood glucose levels, resulting in damage to the blood vessels and other organs.
This form of diabetes occurs in middle-aged and older. Diagnosis of diabetes mellitus type 2 is put on the basis of high blood glucose and glucose in urine.
It is believed that when a type 2 diabetes a genetic predisposition plays a role in the disease; the combination of risk factors such as age and overweight. With age, the pancreas is reduced. The most important predisposing factor, however, turned out to be obese. It is found that more than 80% with type 2 diabetes are overweight. It is believed that excessive fat content impairs the ability of insulin to dispose of the organism.
Extreme thirst, frequent urination, rapid weight loss, weakness and fatigue, irritability, nausea and vomiting.
In the event of insufficient control of type 2 diabetes increases the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, kidney disease, neurological disorders, impotence, visual impairment (including blindness), type 2 diabetes gangreny.Saharny dangerous disease. In the absence of effective therapy possible death that is associated with complications due to high blood glucose, or pathological changes of the organs and systems.
If any symptoms of diabetes should immediately undergo a medical examination. Even if there are no symptoms of diabetes, you should monitor your blood sugar content in the urine, especially for people with an indication of diabetes in the family history, persons older than 40 years and / or are overweight. Once diagnosed with diabetes need regular medical supervision and control of blood glucose levels to avoid complications. For effective treatment of diabetes should carefully monitor their condition.
People with type 2 diabetes should:
control the level of glucose and cholesterol and body weight, including in your diet low-calorie foods that are low in sugar, fat and high in complex carbohydrates and fiber;
exercise regularly in order to reduce the need for insulin and improve weight loss;
to determine the blood glucose at home using simple equipment that helps a person to adjust your diet and exercise, and to prevent the development of diabetes complications. Self-monitoring of glucose also allows you to observe how the reduced level of glucose in the blood by decreasing body weight.
People suffering from diabetes have to take preventive measures to avoid colds, recommended hygiene feet. The course of type 2 diabetes is largely dependent on the self-control. In most cases, type 2 diabetes can be controlled by diet therapy and exercise. However, not all people suffering from type 2 diabetes, there is overweight. This category of patients require the administration of insulin and hypoglycemic drugs for oral administration.