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The Strongest Painkillers
Intensive treatment often starts with pain relief. What drugs help relieve the discomfort, what is their nature? Does the use of analgesics leads to other diseases?
Types of analgesics Analgesics otherwise called analgesics. The chemical nature and pharmacological quality dictating the separation of these substances into two major types: narcotic and non-narcotic analgesics.
Narcotic analgesics strong pain requires the use of adequate medication. Strongest painkillers - drugs. The choice of a particular drug is dictated by the individual readings and the desired duration of the effect. In the arsenal of pharmacists there is a short-acting medication relieves breakthrough pain, and long-acting drugs, avoid long term from severe pain.
The best known of this group of drugs: tramadol
, morphine, methadone, omnopon, Promedolum.
Medicinal substances means the narcotic effect has a strong analgesic activity, and are indispensable for the serious injury to the unbearable pain. But the effect is achieved through a profound effect on the central nervous system. Long reception of an overdose leads to the first euphoria, but soon develops addictive, dependence on the mental and physical levels. A striking example of a side effect - a hallucination. Somatic symptoms are manifold: respiratory depression, increased tone of the bladder, bowel, diarrhea, vomiting, cough, sedative effect.
Narcotic analgesics Group Based on physico-chemical properties and chemical substances medical data divided into 3 groups. The first - the natural alkaloids, isolated from the poppy. Examples: codeine and morphine.
The second - semi-synthetic drugs on the basis of a modified molecule of morphine. Example: pyridylpropionamide.
Third - is completely artificial, synthetic compounds produced entirely by chemical synthesis. Examples: Promedolum, tramadol, fentanyl.
Separate application, taking into account the hazardous properties of these drugs, severity of side effects, is strictly prohibited.
The choice of anesthetic drug Which means from the rich arsenal to choose and whether affordable universal strong painkillers? Yes, you can completely deprive the sensitivity of the patient, but this industry anesthesiologist activity, ie a clinical case. Most interested in subtext: how to remove the drug cause of pain? If you pinch your finger door, it is better to stop the exposure, rather than use a frost!
It is therefore important to find the right medication and remember that for the ills of the painkillers are not needed. Removing spasm saves for menstrual pain, intestinal colic. You can apply the antispasmodic drug, for example, no-silos. Such formulations are not analgesics, but often are combined with them, complementing each other.
Pains spasmodic nature effectively removed drugs are combined in the correct proportions antispasmodic and analgin. Intestinal gases accumulating, causing pain, which manages Espumizan. Nitroglycerin dilates blood vessels is effective for pain in the chest. Increased blood pressure can be accompanied by headache, which removes dangerous - it is necessary to use antihypertensive drugs and healthy rebound!
Self-medication Self-medication is not acceptable, it is dangerous, as seen in the example of high pressure. There are a number of anxiety symptoms in which pain reliever is strictly contraindicated.
Sudden severe abdominal pain accompanies appendicitis, intestinal obstruction, internal bleeding ectopic pregnancy. Immediately call the "ambulance."
Strong constricting pain in the heart area - take nitroglycerin, feeling the same - after 10 minutes, repeat the technique. Pain does not let go - cause carriage "Coming soon."
Aching head so that the person loses consciousness, there is retching and lethargy - a very dangerous condition. Possible causes - encephalitis or stroke. Analgesics may be prescribed by a doctor immediately after testing and inspection.
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